Glossary of Industry Terms
A metal grid that is used to properly space and align floor tiles.
The procedure of spreading damp cheese cloth and pulling it over the tile surface during the tile grouting process in order to clean the tile.
A joint in a masonry wall which has the mortar raked out to a specified depth while it is only slightly hardened.
Rake or rake line
The inclination from a horizontal direction.
A glaze compounded primarily from raw constituents, that is, containing no prefused materials. (ASTM C 242).
A metallic ox nonmetallic waterprgof support for a shower stall. (TCA)
A trim unit used to reduce the radius of a bullnose or a cove to another radius or to a square. (TCA)
Concrete having refractory prop-. erties, and suitable for use at high temperatures (generally about 315 to 1315 C), in which the binding agent is a hydraulic cement.
Concrete containing adequate reinforcement (prestressed or not prestressed) and designed on the assumption that the two materials act together in resisting forces.
Unit masonry in which reinforcement is embedded in such a manner that the two materials act together in resisting forces.
See Welded-wire fabric and Welded-wire fabric reinforcement.
The ratio of the quantity of water vapor actually present to amount present in a saturated atmosphere at a given temperature; expressed as a percentage.
Material used to prevent bonding of concrete to a surface. (See also Bond breaker.)
The ending of a small splash wall or a wainscot at right angle to the major wall.
A semivitreous ware or earthenware having a brown or mottled brown bright glaze. Originated in England on the estate of the Marquis of Rockingham. (ASTM C 242).
The rod saw is one of the newest tools used in the cutting of tile. It is a steel rod approximately 1/s” in diameter. The rod has tungsten carbide particles embedded in the surface. The rod saw is used to cut circles or irregular curves in tile.
The act of preparing a surface by applying tar paper and metal lath (or wire mesh). Sometimes called wiring.
Cross and tee-shaped objects used to space tile on floors or walls. They are manufactured in thicknesses of 1/16″, 1/8″, 1/4″, 3/8″, and 1/2″.
The rubber trowel used for grouting is a non-porous synthetic-rubber-faced float that is mounted on an aluminum back with a wood handle. This trowel is used to force material deep into tile joints and to remove excess material for a perfect finish.
A Carborundum stone that is used to smooth the rough edges of tile.
A mineral form of titanium oxide (Ti02) (tetragonal crystallization), but usually produced chemically for use in ceramics and other products. (ASTM C 21)